From storage inventors to college college students and entrepreneurs, NASA is in search of concepts on easy methods to excavate the Moon’s icy regolith, or dust, and ship it to a hypothetical processing plant on the lunar South Pole.
The NASA Break the Ice Lunar Problem, now open for registration, is designed to develop new applied sciences that would help a sustained human presence on the Moon by the top of the last decade.
“We’re enthusiastic about this chance to broaden our neighborhood engagement within the Artemis program and discover new infrastructure approaches for the Moon,” stated NASA’s Affiliate Administrator for the Area Expertise Mission Directorate Jim Reuter.
“As outlined in our plan for sustained lunar exploration and growth, NASA is pursuing know-how growth that enables future explorers to live off the land. With this problem, we’re soliciting contemporary concepts from exterior the standard aerospace sector for buying and processing sources wanted to help long-duration human floor exploration.”
The Break the Ice Lunar Problem will happen over two phases.
Section 1 seeks new concepts and approaches for a system structure able to excavating and transferring icy regolith and water on the lunar floor. Eligible Phase 1 participants should submit a system structure report, excavation plan, and mission animation by June 18, 2021 that addresses varied operations and environmental situations of a hypothetical excavation mission on the lunar floor. The entries will compete for a portion of the $500,000 Section 1 prize purse.
The initiation of Section 2, the demonstration part, is contingent on the emergence of promising submissions in Section 1 that show viable approaches to attaining the problem targets. Section 2 would carry a prize purse of as much as $4.5 million.
NASA instruments and a mobile robot will land on the Moon within the subsequent few years to reap and map sources on the South Pole. Further investments are advancing in-situ useful resource utilization applied sciences so future explorers can use what’s native to the Moon.
Excessive on NASA’s checklist of innovation priorities are applied sciences that use the Moon’s sources to help sustainable floor operations with reducing provide wants from Earth. This consists of techniques that would convert lunar ice into rocket gasoline, drinkable water, or different very important sources, together with rocket gasoline. Regolith additionally reveals promise for each building and creating components for rocket gasoline.
NASA has recognized a number of know-how gaps associated to harvesting and transferring giant portions of sources on the Moon, together with able to working within the excessive chilly and everlasting to near-permanent darkness. Robotic techniques for excavation might want to stand up to the tough environments inside completely shadowed areas on the lunar South Pole, the place ice has been noticed and the focused touchdown web site for crewed Artemis missions.
Designs for this problem might want to dig up the icy regolith, take it to a processing plant for water extraction, after which transport it to a storage tank for all times help and different techniques.
“Responsibly gathering these resources on a place far from our home planet will require new technologies,” stated John Vickers, the NASA principal technologist for the problem. “Someday we may be able to incentivize regolith excavation and water delivery technologies that could be adapted for operation on the lunar surface, while also advancing excavation technologies for terrestrial commercialization.”
On Earth, a wide range of instruments and strategies are used for excavation – from handbook labor utilizing easy instruments like a hand shovel to complicated equipment. The mission architectures developed within the Break the Ice Lunar Problem goals to assist information machine design and operation ideas for future terrestrial and lunar mining and excavation operations and gear for many years to come back.
The Break the Ice Lunar Problem is a NASA Centennial Problem, managed by NASA’s Marshall Area Flight Middle in Huntsville, Alabama, and NASA’s Kennedy Area Middle in Florida. Centennial Challenges are a part of the Prizes and Challenges program inside NASA’s Area Expertise Mission Directorate. NASA has contracted Ensemble Consultancy to help the administration of rivals for this problem.
To be taught extra in regards to the problem and register to take part, go to: nasa.gov/breaktheice
For extra details about NASA’s Prizes and Challenges, go to: https://www.nasa.gov/solve/index.html
Marshall Area Flight Middle, Huntsville, Ala.